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Published on: Grammar Bites

How to use ‘por’ & ‘para’

If you’re having problems getting the hang of  when to use ‘por’ and ‘para, make sure to check out our easy guide with lots of examples!

 

Por:
Cause:

No fuimos a la fiesta por la tormenta. We didn’t go to the party because of the storm.
Ellos discutieron por un malentendido. They argued over a misunderstanding.

Para:
Purpose / Recipient:

Hay un mensaje para ti. There’s a message for you.
Las flores son para tu madre. The flowers are for your Mom.

Time:

a) Duration: Estuvo pensando por unos minutos. He was thinking for a few minutes.

b) Aproximate time: Estuvimos en la fiesta por 3 horas. We were at the party for around 3 hours.

c) Frequency: Voy al gimnasio dos veces por semana. I go to the gym twice a week.

d) Parts of the day: Me gusta caminar por la mañana. I like to go for walks in the morning. Los sábados por la tarde vamos al parque o al cine. On Saturday afternoons we either go to the park or to the movies.

Time:

a) Deadline: El informe debe estar listo para el lunes. The report must be ready for Monday.

b) Faltar/Quedar + para + time reference: Faltan tres semanas para que se vaya de vacaciones. She goes on vacations in three weeks. 

Nos queda un día para conocer los resultados de los exámenes. We have one day left to find out the results of the exams.

Place:

a) Through: La luz pasa por la ventana. The light comes through the window.

b) Aproximate place: Estuve toda la tarde paseando por la ciudad. I spent all afternoon walking around town.

Place:

a) Destination: Voy para la escuela. I’m going to school.

Meaning “in place of”, “in exchange of”:

Lo haría por mucho dinero. I would do it for a lot of money.

Iré a la conferencia por ti así puedes estudiar. I’ll go to the conference in your place so you can study.

Opinion:

Para mí, el estofado está muy picante. In my opinion, the stew is too spicy.

Para él, este artista está sobrevalorado. In his opinion, this artist is overrated.

Agent of an action:

El coche fue reparado por el mecánico. The car was fixed by the mechanic.

Comparison:

Es muy inteligente para su edad. He is very smart for his age.

Activities for private students & members:

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