Category: Sabias Que?

cortazar

Julio Cortázar fue un brillante escritor y traductor

¿Sabías que el escritor Julio Cortázar jamás estudió en una universidad?

Julio Cortázar fue un brillante escritor y traductor de nacionalidad argentina, nacido en el año 1914. Este autor se destaca por ser uno de los escritores más originales y auténticos de su época ya que creó un estilo literario muy innovador en el mundo hispanohablante que se caracterizó por romper el clásico orden temporal de los acontecimientos en sus narraciones, como por ejemplo en su novela Rayuela o su cuento Casa tomada. Debido a su genialidad y creatividad narrativa, muchos podrían esperar que Cortázar tuviera al menos algún título universitario, sin embargo, no fue así.

cortazar-2Julio Cortázar, no obstante, sí visitó la universidad, pero en calidad de profesor. Se desempeñó como profesor de Literatura durante los años 1944 y 1945 en la Universidad de Cuyo, Argentina; igualmente, dio clases en un seminario en la Universidad de Berkeley, Estados Unidos, en el año 1980.

Obviamente, el hecho de no haber ido a estudiar a la universidad, no significa que no se hubiera formado. Julio Cortázar estudió en los llamados Institutos Normales que son instituciones educativas en las que se forman maestros en distintas áreas del conocimiento. Luego, estudió para ganar el título de Traductor Público en los idiomas inglés y francés.

DOCUMENTAL: “Memoria Iluminada”, miniserie “Memoria Iluminada: Julio Cortázar”. Documental de cuatro capítulos, sobre la vida y obra de Julio Cortázar. Realizado y producido por Ernesto Ardito y Virna Molina para canal Encuentro.

CRÉDITOS: Dirección y Producción: Ernesto Ardito y Virna Molina Arte y fotografía: Ernesto Ardito y Virna Molina Guión, cámara, sonido y montaje: Ernesto Ardito y Virna Molina Música Original compuesta e interpretada por Ernesto Ardito y Virna Molina Animaciones: Virna Molina Voz de Cortázar: Lucas Finocchi.

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Gonzalo-Endara-Crow

Gonzalo Endara Crow, Realismo Mágico

El pintor Gonzalo Endara Crow es una de los mayores expositores de la pintura del S. XX. Los críticos se refieren a su estilo como Realismo Mágicos. Llena sus lienzos de los colores, geografía y gente de los Andes.  La realidad se mezcla con elementos fantásticos como trenes voladores, frutas y campanas gigantes.
Notable artista nacido en Bucay, provincia del Guayas,  el 17 de mayo de 1936, hijo del Sr. Arsenio Endara -quien trabajaba en esa estación del ferrocarril- y de la Sra. Zoila Crow.

Sus estudios primarios y secundarios los realizó en la ciudad de Riobamba, sin descubrir su vocación por las artes plásticas, más tarde realizó diferentes actividades hasta que, por 1971 -cuando había cumplido los 35 años de edad y se había radicado en Quito- se encendió dentro de él la llama artística e ingresó a la Escuela de Artes de la Universidad Central; pero su espíritu libre no aceptó las obligaciones académicas y, repudiando las enseñanzas tradicionales a las que consideró retrógradas y obsoletas, pronto se retiró sin lograr ningún título, para dedicarse por su cuenta a buscar nuevas formas y colores que colmaran sus conceptos pictóricos.

 

Cinco años más tarde su nombre ya se pronunciaba en las principales salas de arte y su fama crecía al amparo de la policromía de sus maravillosos colores. Brotaron entonces, de su imaginación y fantasía sin límites, obras de inigualable colorido que vendrían a revolucionar los conceptos del arte ecuatoriano. Para 1980 ya había alcanzado la consagración definitiva, y su obra se exhibía en las principales galerías, no solo del Ecuador, sino de América y Europa.

Endara Crow continuó realizando su sus maravillosa obra pictórica, que fue interrumpida por una gravísima enfermedad que en poco tiempo acabó con su vida, en Quito, el 14 de abril de 1996.

 

 

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GUILLERMO-DEL-TORO

El universo de Guillermo del Toro

El director mexicano Guillermo del Toro se caracteriza por sus películas de fantasía. Dentro de universos tanto maravillosos como mostruosos, el director nos muestra el lado más humano de sus personajes. De esta forma el artista logra reflejar con lo irreal problematicas del mundo actual. En el Espinazo del Diablo y el Laberito del Fauno, Guillermo explora la crueldad de la guerra pero desde la inocencia de la infancia.  En su última pelicula que le ganó un Oscar, La forma del agua, el director explora temas de xenophomia, el miedo al otro. Al mismo tiempo, nos engancha con el romance entre los dos personajes, el monstruo del Amázonas y la trabajadora sorda.

Su trabajo funciona como un espejo que nos recuerdo la capacidad del ser humano de hacer el bien y el mal.

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Guatemala, Eterna Primavera

Guatemala is a place full of culture, history and beautiful landscapes. A couple for the Road brings us a summary of the main historic sites in this country where the weather is always an eternal spring.

Guatemala is a fascinating Central American country, sandwiched in the north-most part of the region between Mexico, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador. A stunning landscape of peaking mountaintops, rain-forests, volcanoes, and ancient ruins, Guatemala present an atypical vacation opportunity for those seeking refuge in a small country that is packed full of interesting, historical locations.

What sets the historical precedence in Guatemala is not only its ownership of some of the oldest evidence of human activity in the Americas (more than 12,000 BC), but also its status as a stronghold for the Mayan Empire that flourished in Central America until approximately 900 AD. In addition to the natural wonders in Guatemala, evidence of the once-great Mayans continues to draw millions of tourists each year to this small country located in perhaps one of the most overlooked areas for vacationers in the world. Any vacation to Guatemala is a trip into the past, full of wonder geological and societal, which makes Guatemala one of the most intriguing places in the world for those looking to truly explore history.

Here are just a few of our favorite historical sites to see in Guatemala.

Tikal

In northern Guatemala, you can visit the ancient Mayan capital in Central America – Tikal. As one of the largest Mayan cities in history, the city of Tikal has exerted much influence in historical and scientific circles as a location to truly understand if you want to understand the Maya. UNESCO World Heritage location, Tikal has been the site of tremendously important excavations despite the rugged location of the once-powerful city amidst the backdrop of the Central American rain-forests. These excavations have uncovered wonder after wonder, and Tikal now stands today along with Chichen Itza as one of the most important locations in Mayan lore. Rich in uncovered stellas, pyramids, temples, and residential domains, most of Tikal is believed to still laid buried below the dense forests, making further excavations incredibly difficult. Continued attempts to understand Tikal have yielded much, and it’s understood now that the surrounding area including Tikal may have once been home to nearly half-a-million residents.

The Ancient Capital of Antigua

The city of Antigua, founded in 1543, is a gem among the towns of Guatemala. Then-called Santiago de los Caballeros, the Spanish history soaked in this city is still palpable. Located at the at the foot of the Volcan de Agua, Antigua has many unique and colonial buildings such as the Catedral de SantiagoPalacio del AyuntamientoIglesia Palacio de Los Capitanes Generales, and the Convent of the Merced. A UNESCO World Heritage site since 1979, Antigua boasts classic Spanish ruins that have been tossed by the volcanic ground upon which Guatemala stands, making preservation of these sites incredibly difficult.To truly understand the history of Guatemala outside of its Mayan influences, and to dive into the post-Mayan Spanish influences, Antigua is a must-see location.

Lake Of Atitlán

The Crater Lake Atitlán, located west of the capital of Guatemala City, is a sprawling vista of more than eighteen by eight kilometers in size. Surrounded by twelve volcanoes, its location took on an almost-mythical status in pre-Spanish Guatemala. Considered by many to be the most beautiful lake in the world, you can visit remarkable attractions such as Laguna San Pedro and Santa Catarina Palopó, a pristine and charming town in the Solola area. In fact, the perimeter of Atitlan is packed with villas that need to be seen an experienced, as each has its own surprise in the way of incredible scenery, delectable food, and warm, charming people. For photophiles and shutterbugs, the Lake of Atitlan should be among your focal points to visit in Guatemala. Given that you can easily travel the outer perimeter of the lake in a day, Atitlan gives you ample opportunity to capture each glorious spectacle from various angles. It’s simply one of the most stunning, underrated locations to visit in all of Central America.

Pacaya Volcano

Only 19 miles outside of Guatemala City is the massive, smoldering, and intimidating Pacaya Volcano. An active volcano complex of more than 8,300 feet in elevation, Pacaya most recently erupted in 2010, spewing volcanic debris into columns in the air that nearly matched Pacaya’s height. The volcanic ash fall pelted Guatemala City, and the international airport, La Aurora, reminding many of the power Pacaya still retains. Despite the possible dangers of an erupting volcano, Pacaya is still the site of tourist excursions who come not only to explore the base of the volcano and steal wondrous pictures, but also to enjoy geothermal baths in the area. For those who are a bit more adventurous, there are excursions that allow half-day hikes up the side of the volcano. Though as treacherous as it sounds, these trips always yield to scientific measurements in the area that may indicate if activity is imminent.

Guatemala City

The crowded ‘La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción’ is often referred to as ‘Guate’ by the inhabitants of the city, and an ideal location to center any visit to Guatemala.

The capital city of Guatemala is also a tourist destination, in addition to a management center. La Aurora International Airport provides a daily flow of new visitors who flock to sights in the Historic Center, such as the Palacio Nacional de la CulturaCasa PresidencialPlaza de la Constitución and Catedral de Ciudad de Guatemala. After a day of engaging in historical monuments and beautiful cathedrals, you can let loose at night – as Guatemala City has one of the most vibrant nightlife scenes in all of Central Americ

On June 3rd, The Volcano “El Fuego” eruption affected over 1.7 million people and caused 13th deaths. Easy Español sends its thoughts and prayers to all Guatemalans. We celebrate your beauty and recognize your strength.

 

 

 

 

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Dali

¿Quién fue Salvador Dalí? ¿Qué hizo?

Nació un 11 de mayo de 1904 en el número 20 de la calle Monturiol de Figueras (Gerona; España).

Se adentraría en el mundo de la pintura con tan solo 12 años de la mano de unos amigos de sus padres, los Pichot. Gracias a esta familia de artistas y especialmente a la figura de Ramón Pichot, Dalí descubrió el impresionismo.

A los 18 se trasladó a la Residencia de Estudiantes de Madrid para estudiar en la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando. Allí conoció y estableció fuertes lazos con algunas futuras celebridades del arte español como Federico García Lorca o Luis Buñuel. Uno de los hechos más curiosos y que más se recuerdan de esta época fue su segunda y definitiva expulsión de la Academia en 1926. El propio artista contó en una entrevista que, un día de examen, en una prueba oral de historia del arte para ser más exactos, se negó a hablar del artista Rafael en frente del tribunal que lo examinaba, alegando que los evaluadores presentes no estaban capacitados para examinarle, puesto que él había leído y sabía mucho más que ellos tres juntos sobre el famoso renacentista italiano.

Dali_Salvador_-_Rhinocerotic_Figure_of_Ilissos_of_Phidias_6f0990b3-5117-4c16-b6d9-aa2cb5b8fcd7Un año más tarde, en 1927, viajó a París, donde conocería a uno de las pocas personas que llegó idolatrar en su vida: Pablo Picasso. Esa ciudad, además, vería florecer el surrealismo de Dalí así como ese característico bigote inspirado en Velázquez que le acompañaría el resto de su vida.

En 1929 conoció a la que sería su gran amor y musa, una inmigrante rusa 11 años mayor que él conocida con el nombre de Gala.

En 1931 pintaría uno de sus cuadros más famosos: “la persistencia de la memoria” (también conocido como “los relojes blandos“) inspirado, según el propio autor, en trozos de queso Cambembert derritiéndose al sol.

En 1941 él y Gala se mudaron a Estados Unidos. Allí pasaron 8 años hasta que en 1949 decidieran volver a Cataluña, tierra donde permanecieron hasta sus últimos días. Este último período de su vida y su trabajo artístico estuvo especialmente relacionado con la ciencia [* Si os interesa, este documentalexplica la influencia de la ciencia en sus obras], la religión y otras actividades creativas (creó el logo actual de la compañía Chupa Chups, realizó un anuncio televisivo para la marca de chocolate Lanvin y participó en la campaña publicitaria de Eurovisión, … entre otras). Finalmente fallecería el 23 de enero de 1989 por una parada cardiorrespiratoria a los 84 años de edad.

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Aida Miro presenta “De Ibiza a New York”

Contenido original por SER

La artista ibicenca Aída Miró expone del 17 de marzo al 13 de abril en la sala Art Lines Gallery de Nueva Jersey (Estados Unidos) su muestra ‘From Eivissa to New York’. Con un total de 45 pinturas, Miró quiere exhibir ‘el espíritu cosmopolita de Eivissa, su folclore, misticismo y espiritualidad’, además de su pasión por la música y la danza.

 

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Los cuadros, pintados al óleo, muestran la evolución de su obra y contrastan los creados bajo el ritmo frenético de una gran urbe como Nueva York, donde su trabajo ha adquirido un toque más urbano, combinando el espray y el óleo. Algunas de las obras han sido creadas en acontecimientos de arte en vivo, durante actuaciones de músicos, disyóquey y bailarines.

Retratos de Frida Kalho, Basquiat, Michael Jackson, James Brown, Sade, Stevie Wonder o Bob Marley forman un conjunto de obras de un estilo más pop y urbano situado en la primera sala de la galería. Una segunda estancia contiene pinturas de mayor formato con retratos de diosas mitológicas, autorretratos bailando butoh o geishas, donde destacan unas labradoras emprendadas y “ball pagés”.

Nacida en Eivissa y residente en Nueva York, Aída Miró empezó a pintar en las calles a principios de los años 90. Miró es licenciada en Bellas artes en la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, con un posgrado en Diseño Teatral de la Universidad de Bristol, en Reino Unido, y un doctorado en Educación Artística en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Su trabajo -fuertemente influenciado por la música y la danza- ha sido expuesto internacionalmente, en ciudades como París, México DF, Oaxaca, Nápoles, Hamburgo, Bristol, Nueva York, Barcelona o Madrid. El año pasado ganó la 15a edición del NYC Art Battle.

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    chovena

    La Danza Chovena

    La danza Chovena es una danza de la zona chiquitana de Bolivia. En sus fiestas la danza acompaña normalmente la música con instrumentos de viento, percusión, violín y acordeón. Los danzantes muestran plumas y lanzas con vestimenta tradicional. Tiene su origen en la época precolombina pero se incluyeron elementos europeos en el siglo XVI.

     

     

     

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    Costalero

    All You Need To Know About Semana Santa in Seville

    Content courtesy of Devour Sevilla

    Semana Santa in Seville is one of our most iconic celebrations, and the week leading up to Easter is a fascinating time to be in the city. But what exactly does Holy Week in Seville involve?

    Spring in Seville means two things, Semana Santa (Holy Week in English) and our similarly extravagant April Fair celebration. While the fair is all about traditional dance, delicious food, and ice-cold sherry, Semana Santa takes a very different tone.

    Huge statues representing various images from the Passion of Jesus Christ take the streets in processions that last up to 12 hours. Schools shut, certain workplaces close and the whole city bands together in appreciation of the spectacle. But, what makes Semana Santa in Seville so special? Read on to find out!

    One of Seville's most loved traditions takes place during Holy Week, but what exactly happens during Semana Santa in Seville? Learn more here!

    Before we dive into the ins and out of Seville’s well-loved Holy Week celebration, have a look at this great introductory video from our expert guide, Sara. Semana Santa 101 from a passionate local expert, check it out!

    What exactly is Semana Santa?

    Semana Santa takes place the week leading up to Easter and is a celebration that locals spend all year preparing for. In 2017, it takes place from the 9th to the 16th of April. It is celebrated all over Spain and many people say it dates as far back as the 12th Century. The Seville celebration has existed since at least the 16th Century but is believed to have existed even earlier.

    From Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday, processions take over the streets of Spain as a tribute to the Passion of Jesus Christ. The enormous statues (pasos) you see during the celebration originally had an educational function and put an image to the passages of The Bible. The people who walk the processions with the float are performing an act of penance, repenting their sins.

    Intricate details are commonly seen on the floats from Semana Santa in Seville - striking statues!
    A typical float making its way through the streets of Seville. Photo Credit: Cosas de Sevilla

    Semana Santa in Seville

    There are parts of the Semana Santa tradition that are common across the whole country. However, certain cities have their own unique way to celebrate Holy Week. Here is an explanation of some of the most important parts of the tradition of Semana in Santa Seville!

    Hermandad

    Each of the 115 plus churches in Seville has a brotherhood (hermandad) associated with it. These locals are in charge of the social calendar of the church, especially the organization of the major Holy Week procession. Being part of a brotherhood isn’t a profession, just a sign of the extreme dedication of the locals to the tradition itself.

    El Paso

    The enormous pasos (floats that make up the procession) make a pilgrimage through the city. Each paso is an artistic representation of some part of the story of The Passion. Leaving their church, these statues, some of which are over 300 years old, wander through the narrow streets to the Cathedral. Having passed through the cathedral itself, they then turn for home. This results in certain processions lasting upwards of 12 hours. And what’s even more incredible, is that the floats are actually carried by devoted locals!

    Groups of men wear white protective neckwear and take the weight of the float as they carry it through Seville in Semana Santa
    A fascinating image of the costaleros practicing in the lead up to Holy Week Photo Credit: Tio Spanish

    Costaleros

    Costaleros, so named because of the white protective garment (el costal) they wear on their heads, take the weight of the float and carry it through the city. These locals are members of the church’s brotherhood. There are between 20 to 40 costaleros per float and they practice all year round, even in the extreme heat of August. Believe it or not, each year a special section of the hospital opens up to treat costalero injuries. Understandable given the floats can weigh up to a ton! While some processions are very long, costaleros will switch out every hour or two to take a bit of a break.

    Nazarenos

    Other participants in the processions include the nazarenos, wearing perhaps the most controversial dress of the celebration. The robe worn by these penitents doesn’t draw much attention. The same can not be said for the conical hood (capirote) which bears a striking resemblance to the dress worn by the K.K.K. Rest assured, no connection exists between the two traditions.

    The unique dress was born from a desire to repent sins without revealing your identity, as the hood leaves only the wearer’s eyes on display. There can be up to a whopping 3,000 nazarenos participating in some of the bigger processions. Given their mysterious look, many nazarenos will carry bags of sweets and give them to kids as they go by so they know they’re friendly!

    Locals in white hooded capes line the streets of Seville in Semana Santa, but it is all part of the iconic celebration
    The striking dress of the nazarenos may be off-putting for some, but its a huge part of the tradition. Photo Credit: Brave Lemming

    La Mantilla

    Women wear this intricate headpiece towards the end of Semana Santa in Seville. These beautifully woven lace veils are exceptionally detailed. Women often seek professional help to fit them in place, as you have to weave your hair around the comb to keep it in place – not easy!

    La Saeta

    La Saeta is a traditional religious song you will hear at a certain point during the procession. This emotive, acapella performance is a highlight of Semana Santa in Seville for many locals. To sing the saeta is an honor, and only the best local performers get the sought-after opportunity. However, to witness it should be appreciated just as much. Hearing the angst of the performer in the presence of the paso as the entire crowd stands in complete silence is spectacular.

    Beautiful lace veils drape the heads of local women during Semana Santa in Seville - a beautiful traditional head piece
    The stunning mantilla headpiece is a must among local women in Seville. Photo Credit: Te Interesa

    La Madrugá

    The most significant night of the Semana Santa tradition is Holy Thursday leading into Good Friday. Madrugá coms from the Spanish word madrugada meaning early morning. Appropriate given processions run all night long through to the next day. One of the most important processions during this night is the Macarena, which also happens to be one of the biggest and most-watched of the whole celebration

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    Fanesca

    Fanesca ecuatoriana: Ecuadorian Easter soup

    All Content provided by Laylita

    Author: Layla Pujol

    Yield: For 20-25 people

    Fanesca or Ecuadorian Easter soup

    Recipe for fanesca, an Ecuadorian soup or stew made only during Lent and Easter. This soup is made with bacalao or salted cod, squash, fava beans, chochos, corn, peas, porotos or fresh beans, rice, onions, garlic, cumin, achiote, peanuts, milk, cream and cheese.

    Ingredients

    • 2 lbs bacalao seco or dried salt cod
    • 6 cups of diced sambo or fresh squash (zucchini), about 2 ½ lbs
    • 6 cups of diced zapallo or squash, about a small sized squash butternut squash or a large kabocha squash
    • 2 cups of shredded cabbage
    • 4 cups of cooked and peeled fava beans
    • 4 cups of cooked corn kernels
    • 3 cups of cooked green peas
    • 2 cups of cooked lima beans
    • 2 cups of cooked alubias or cannellini beans
    • 2 cups of chochos or lupini beans, peeled
    • 2 cups of cooked rice (cooked in abundant water and very tender)
    • 8 tbs butter
    • 1 tsp of achiote or annatto powder
    • 1 cup of diced white onion
    • 1 cup of diced red onion
    • 10 garlic cloves, crushed
    • 1 tbs of ground cumin
    • 1 tbs of dry oregano
    • 1 tsp of ground pepper
    • 2 cups of roasted peanuts
    • 10-12 cups of milk, you can also use less milk and replace it with the broth where the veggies were cooked for a lighter version
    • 1 cup of heavy cream
    • 8-12 oz of cream cheese, adjust to taste
    • 1 cup of crumbled queso fresco (can use feta cheese as a replacement)
    • ½ bunch of cilantro or parsley, finely chopped, about 6 tablespoons
    • Salt to taste

     

    Other additional ingredients (optional and added if you like them or have them available):

     

    • Garbanzos or chickpeas, mellocos (an Andean small tuber), lentils, hominy corn, other types of beans – all ingredients should be previously cooked

     

    Serve with:

     

    Instructions

    1. Soak the salt cod in water for 24 hours (or even up to 48 hours if you want a very mild salt cod flavor), changing the water every 6-8 hours. Each time the water should be less and less salty, at the end cut the cod into medium sized pieces (if it doesn’t come already cut).
    2. Cook the diced butternut squash (or kabocha) and fresh squash/zucchini separately, with a just enough water to cover them, cook until they are very tender. Save the water from cooking the squash and other veggies if you would like to use it (in place or in addition to the milk in the recipe)
    3. Boil the shredded cabbage with a small amount of water for about 3 minutes.
    4. In a food processor or blender, add the cooked squashes, the cooked rice, and the cooked cabbage. Blend until you have a thick puree, you can add some of veggie broth or water from cooking them, if it’s very thick.
    5. In a sauce pan, bring 6 cups of milk to boil, add the pieces of soaked and desalted cod, and cook on a low/medium boil for about 8-10 minutes.
    6. Blend the roasted peanuts with 2 cups of milk, save until ready to add to the soup.
    7. To begin cooking the soup, in a large stock pot or soup pot, heat the butter over medium heat to make a refrito or base for the soup. Add the onions, garlic, achiote, cumin, oregano and pepper and cook until the onions are tender, about 5 minutes.
    8. Add the squash, rice and cabbage puree and mix well.
    9. Add 2 to 4 cups of milk and mix well.
    10. Add the fava beans, corn, green peas, lima beans and cannellini beans (and any of the other optional ingredients: cooked lentils, garbanzos, mellocos, etc)
    11. Mix well and let simmer for about 15 minutes, stir frequently to avoid the ingredients from sticking to the bottom of the pan.
    12. Add the milk where you cooked the cod to soup. You can also add all the cod, lightly shredded (for a full flavor cod fanesca) or just a small amount for a more mild fanesca. If just adding a little bit of the cod, save the rest for later, then sauté it and serve a little with each bowl of soup.
    13. At this point you want to taste the soup and add salt if needed, how much you need will depend on the whether you add the salt cod to the soup or not (as well as how well you soaked and rinsed the cod). Keep in mind that you will be adding queso fresco (or feta) at the end so don’t oversalt the soup.
    14. Add the blended milk and peanut mix to the fanesca soup, cook for another 10 minutes, stirring frequently.
    15. About 5 to 10 minutes before serving, add the chochos or lupini beans, the cream and the cheeses, stir to help the cheeses dissolve.
    16. Add the chopped cilantro or parsley and stir well. Taste and add additional salt and pepper if needed.
    17. Serve the fanesca with the shredded or small pieces of fried salt cod (unless they were already added to the soup), hardboiled egg slices, lime marinated white onions, fried ripe plantains, slices of queso fresco, fried cheese empanadas, avocado slices or cubes, and Ecuadorian hot sauce or slices of hot peppers. These can be added on top of the soup or on the side.

    Notes

    The quantities used in the video were reduced by half and served 10-12 people.

    Ecuadorian fanesca soup with toppings

    Fanesca can be made with a lot of different types of beans, habas or fava beans are used pretty consistently for this dish. I used a combination of lima beans and alubias or cannellini beans, but the other choices are limitless. Some people prefer to use red beans or a combination of red and white beans, some people add all the grains they can find. I have seen this prepared with lentils, garbanzos, split peas, mote or hominy, among others, so it really varies from one home to another.

    Ecuadorian Easter soup or fanesca

    Sometimes mellocos, which are small and very starchy type of Andean potatoes, are also added to this dish. Another key ingredient are chochos, also known as tremoco or lupini beans, these used to be very hard to find but now you can find them either in jars in brine or dried. They have a thick skin and need to be peeled (similar to fava beans, but the skin is a lot tougher). All the grains are cooked separately, except for the chochos or lupini beans, which are added during the last 5 minutes. The rice should be cooked in a lot of water, so that it comes out very tender, it needs to be soft and moist enough to make a puree by mashing or blending it. In recent years, I’ve also made variations where I add quinoa to the fanesca. Considering the importance of quinoa to Andean people, I’m surprised that it wasn’t included before, and hopefully will be part of the modern versions of this dish.

    Chochos, lupini beans, tarwi or altramuz

    Lupini beans with the skin on Peeled chochos

    A key ingredient to fanesca is the bacalao seco or dried salt cod. It needs to be soaked for 24 hours and doing this properly is very important. You don’t want the salt cod flavor to overwhelm and make the soup bitter. The cod is cooked in milk and then based on how much taste of it you want “infused” in the soup, you can either add the milk and the cod to the soup, or you can drain the cod and add only the milk. You then fry the fish and serve on the side or on top of the soup. My personal preference is to have the most subtle taste of salt cod in the soup, so I fry it separately. If you are trying this soup for the first time or are serving this to fanesca virgins then you might want to do this as well. Of course I know some super hard core fanesca fans that not only add the cod, but also add some of the water it was soaked in and add that to the soup.

    Fanesca or Ecuadorian Easter soup

    This soup can be quite complex to make as it involves several different steps. The good thing is that quite a lot of the preparation can be made in advance as most of the ingredients are cooked separately and added together (and you only make it once a year). It’s also a great dish to make with a group of friend or family, this way you divide up the work, but also get to bond over making a delicious meal togeher. The very traditional fanesca is only made with milk, no water should be added, but for a lighter version you can also reserve the broth where the vegetables where cooked and add that in place of some of the milk. Also the soup should be very thick, but if you feel it is too thick you can adjust by adding more milk (or broth).

    Traditional Ecuadorian Fanesca

    And of course, side dishes are very important and this soup must be served with slices of hardboiled eggs, fried ripe plantains, slices of queso fresco, slices of hot peppers or a good Ecuadorian hot sauce, white onions marinated in lime juice, and empanadas de viento or fried empanadas. These last empanadas are sometimes replaced by masitas or just the empanada dough shaped into small balls and fried. Fanesca is usually followed a dish of Ecuadorian mashed potatoes called molo. Finally, the proportions I have below are for enough soup to feed at least 25 people.

    Fanesca recipe

    Step by step preparation photos for Ecuadorian fanesca

    Ingredients for the Ecuadorian fanesca soup or Easter stew

    Squash for fanesca Grains for fanesca preparation

    Preparing Ecuadorian fanesca Fanesca

    Fanesca Fanesca sides

    Fanesca with side dishes

    Ecuadorian fanesca soup

    Ecuadorian fanesca or Easter soup

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    7 Tricks To Learn Languages… When You’re Bad At Languages

    Having trouble with your Spanish? Check out these easy and useful tricks from Babbel:

    1) Memory:

    Create connections between topics that interest you and the language you’re learning. How are you going to use the subjunctive in Spanish to express your desire to see your team avoid relegation? “¡Deseo que mi equipo no baje a la segunda liga!”

    2) Pronunciation:

    Perfect pronunciation isn’t fundamental to communicating in a language, but people will understand you more easily if you can train yourself to avoid the most common pronunciation errors. […] Fortunately, there are always tricks to elevate you from pronunciation purgatory to enunciation ecstasy. There are specific tricks for every sound — I picked up the German r by gargling progressively smaller amounts of water while saying trinken — but it’s most important to pay attention to the way native speakers talk, and then imitate them.

    3) Speak, speak and… you guessed it, speak!:

    Get speaking and get familiar with the music of the language. Have you ever noticed how people who speak more than one language seem to have more than one voice? Sometimes they even seem to have a whole different personality. Don’t be afraid of playing with the sounds and intonations of your new language. Imitate the music of Italian, the conspicuous consonants of German, and the gentle lisps of Spanish or Danish

    4) Face your fears:

    Take a deep breath, remember that empathy exists and […] afford you the time necessary to collect your thoughts and deliver your response. Recognize also that learning a language is a humbling experience. Learn to laugh at yourself now and again, and you’ll learn even more quickly.

    5) Apply your skills from other fields:

    Are you good at math? Programming? Cooking? Craft work? Now’s the time to identify your strengths and apply them to the world of languages. Personalize your learning techniques. For example, if you’re good at math, you may want to focus on grammar. […] More in favor of learning by doing? Write out your shopping list in your learning language, head to the supermarket, and follow your foreign language recipe. Verbalize the steps as you execute them.

    6) Read and understand, and concentrate!

    If you read a Spanish novel in bed, you’ll probably find it especially taxing in the morning and detrimental to staying awake in the evening. When starting out, it’s important to set aside some quiet time — free of distractions and at a time of day when you’re alert — to read. Select a topic which interests you, or an author you like, and read.

    7) Don’t fret!

    There’s no need to impose pressure upon yourself, nor rush toward unreachable goals. Accept from the beginning that you’re in it for the long haul, and organize your learning so that it can become as integrated into your daily routine […]Be sure to recognize and reward your progress, and you’ll soon see what you thought was impossible becoming possible.

    Source: Babbel Magazine

    To read the full article, click here.

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